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Ali H. Hummadi
Ayad A.Khalaf


The aim of study to time series analysis of agricultural drought and desertification using Spectral Indices and Landsat Images. A time series of satellite images (TM and OLI) were coducted for the period 1990 to 2022. The located at coordinate 34°52'29.386"N and 43°26'15.703" E and the area study is (33.98) km2. The (18) eighteen of satellite images were selected and then image processing was carried out using ERDAS imagen Ver 15 and ArcGIS 10.6. The spectral indices (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Land Surface Temprature (LST), Vegetation Condition Index (VCI), and Vegetation Health Idex (VHI) were calculated. The regression and correlation coefficient between rainfall and spectral indices were determined using SPSS programm. The result show that VHI at 1990, 2000 and 2010 are sever drought class and its area 63.66, 57.63 and 63.85% respectively. In addition, the simple linear regression and correlation coefficient were positive between a rainfall and spectral indices reach ≥ 0.70. The years 1998, 2008, 2013 and 2022 were suffering from sever drought and desertification compared with 2006, 2016 and 2019, respectively. 


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Hummadi, A. H., & A.Khalaf, A. (2024). Temporal and Spatial Variation of Agricultural Drought and Desertification using Spectral Indices in Salah Al-Din Governorate. Tikrit Journal for Agricultural Sciences, 24(1), 206–222.