Main Article Content

N. M. A. Alsultan
Nabaamarwan1@gmail.com
M. A. J. AL-Obaidi
Nabaamarwan1@gmail.com

Abstract

This research was conducted to study potassium buffering potential behavior in some burned soils of Baweza – Mosul and Zawita- Dohuk , in north of Iraq. Potassium forms and the buffering potential phenomenon were studied by using thermodynamic parameters  according to quantity- intensity ratio (Q/I) at   298  oK) The main results could be summarized as follows A great affection for the firing processto cause a high potassium availability and lost by leaching. The ARKe value ranged widely from 0.02 to 0.08 (mol L-1)1/2, the potassium labile pool (LK) rangedfrom 7.951 to 27.919 cmolc kg-1, the potential buffering capacity (PBCK) ranged between 285.47 and 369.48 cmolc kg-1  (mol L-1)-1/2, the free energy of exchange (-G) were range between 3291.8 and 4819.8 kJ mole-1 and the Gapon selectivity coefficient (kG) values fluctuated within the range 8.44 to 12.88 (L mol-1) 1/2.PF values were 0.018 to 0.025 .

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Alsultan, N. M. A., & AL-Obaidi, M. A. J. (2022). Potassium Buffering Potential in Some Burne Soils of North Iraq. Tikrit Journal for Agricultural Sciences, 22(4), 81–95. https://doi.org/10.25130/tjas.22.4.11
Section
Articles

References

Ahmed, G.; Sheikh-Abdullah, S.( 2020): Potassium mobility potential of forest soil in Kurdistan region, Iraq, as estimated by quantity-intensity (Q/I) relationships. J of Geoinformatics & Environmental Research, v. 1, n. 1, p. 11-19,

Akhzari, D., Mohammadi, E., and Saedi, K. (2022). Studying the effect of fire on some vegetation and soil properties in a semi-arid shrubland (Case study: Kachaleh Rangelands, Kamyaran Region). ECOPERSIA, 10(1), 27-35.

Al- Zubaidi, A. H., (2003).The status of potassium in Iraqi soils: Potassium and water management in West Asia and North Africa, the National Center for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer, Amman, Jordan. 129-142.

Al-Hamandi H.M., M.A. Al-Obaidi and M.M. Aljumaily (2019). A Study on quantity and intensity of potassium in the alluvial soils in Baghdad Plant Archives Vol. 19, Supplement 2, 2019 pp. 123-130 e-ISSN:2581-6063 (online), ISSN:0972-5210

Al-Kanani, T., N. N. Barthakur , and A. J. Hussien, (1991). Evaluation of potassium quantity-intensity relationships in calcareous soils. Soil Sci. Vol. 151. No.2

Al-Jumaily M M , HM, Al-Hamandi , M A, Al-Obaidi , R, R Al-Zidan (2022) Quantity-intensity ratio of potassium in gypsiferous soils in Iraq- Pesq. Agropec. Trop., Goiânia, v. 52, e71620, Research Article e-ISSN 1983-4063 - www.agro.ufg.br/pat

Al-Obaidi M.A, H.M. Al-Hamandi , M.M. aljumaily, M,J,Farhan (2019). Quantity-intensity Characteristics of Potassium in some alcareousgypsiferous Soils in Iraq Inter-disciplinary Environmental Studies (11), (2): Part I.

Bangroo, S. A., N. A. Kirmani, M. A. Bhat, J. A. Wani, A. M. Iqba, Z. A. Dar, and A. A. Malik, (2021). Potassium isotherm partitioning based on modified quantity intensity relation and potassium buffering characterization of soils of North India. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 184(1), 112-122.‏

Bilias, F., & Barbayiannis, N. (2019). Potassium-fixing clay minerals as parameters that define K availability of K-deficient soils assessed with a modified Mitscherlich equation model. Journal of soil science and plant nutrition, 19, 1–11

Bourg, I.C., Sposito, G., (2012). Ion exchange phenomena. In: Huang, et al. (Eds.), Handbook of Soil Sciences: Properties and Processes, 2nd ed. CRC Press, Fernandez- Chemosphere 167:367–373.

Barbayainnis, N., V. P. Evangelou, and V. C. Keramidas, (1996). Potassium- ammonium-calcium quantity-intensity studies in the binary and ternary modes in two soils of micaceous mineralogy of northern Greece. Soil. Sci. 161: 716-724.

Bernard, D. J., Z. W. Kocialkowski and W. Grzebisz, (2006). Evaluation of Potassium Quantity-Intensity Parameters of Selected Polish Agricultural Soils. Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities, Agron, Volume 9, Issue 4.

Evangelou, V. P., J. Wang, and R. E. Phillips, (1994). New developments and perspectives in soil potassium quantity-intensity relationships. Adv. Agron. 52: 173-227.

FAO, (2016). FAO Soils Portal: Management of Calcareous Soils (accessed 01.04.16)

Fergus I. F., E. A. Martin., I. P. Little and K. P. Haydock, (2005). Studies on soil potassium: II. The Q/I relation and other parameters compared with plant uptake of potassium. Austral. J. Soil Res. 10(1), 95-111.

Hamed, M.H, Amin, E.Z., (2017). Evaluation of Potassium Quantity-Intensity in some Soils of El-Dakhla Oasis, New Valley, Egypt.Alexadria Science Exchange Journal, 38, 1, 112-119.

Islam A, Sirajul Karim A.J.M, Solaiman A.R.M, Shafiqul Islam Md, M.D. Abu Saleque,(2017). Eight-year long potassium fertilization effects on quantity/intensity relationship of soil potassium under double rice cropping . Soil & Tillage Research 169 99–117, International Potash Institute (IPI) (2016). Potassium in plant production. Basel/Switzerland. 1- 44

Jalali, M., (2007). A study of the quantity/intensity relationships of potassium in some calcareous soils of Iran. Arid Land Res. Manag. 21, 133–141.

Joycyely, M.A., S. Freitas, A. M. Netto, M. M. Correa, B.T.L. Xavier, and F. X. DE Assis (2018). Potassium adsorption in soil cultivated with sugarcane. Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences. Printed version ISSN 0001-3765.

Kassa, M., Haile, W., and Kebede, F. (2019). Evaluation of adsorption isotherm models for potassium adsorption under different soil types in Wolaita of Southern Ethiopia. Communications in soil science and plant analysis, 50(4), 388-401.

Kucher. L (2018). Estimation of potassium reserves in zonal chernozemic soil of ukraina forest steppe polish J. of soil science (11), 83-91. PL. ISSN 0079-2985.

Lalitha, M., Dhakshinamoorthy, M., (2015). Quantity-intensity characteristics of potassium(K) in relation to potassium availability under different cropping system in alluvial soils. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 10, 2097–2103.

Meira-Castro, A., Shakesby, R.A., Espinha Marques, J., Doerr, S., Meixedo, J.P., Teixeira, J.,Chaminé, H.I., (2014). Effects of prescribed fire on surface soil in a Pinus pinaster plantation, northern Portugal. Environ. Earth Sci. 73 (6), 3011–3018.

Morodome, S., & Kawamura, K. (2011). In situ X-ray diffraction study of the swelling of montmorillonite as affected by exchangeable cations and temperature. Clays and Clay Minerals, 59, 165–175.

Najafi-Ghiri, M., & Abtahi, A. (2012). Factors affecting potassium fixation in calcareous soils of southern Iran. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 58, 335–352. ://doi.org/10.1007/s1136 8-019-02366 -8 . availability. Agr. Ecosyst. Environ. 191, 92– 98.

Najafi-Ghiri , Mahdi . Hamid Reza Boostani (2020) . Effect of heating on some soil properties and potassium dynamics in calcareous soils of southern Iran . Soil Use Manage. 2020;00:1–14 ..

Panda, R., Patra, S.K., (2018). Quantity-intensity relations of potassium in representative coastal soils of eastern India. Geoderma https://doi.org/10.1016/j.Geoderma.2018.07.014,1–9

Parlak, M. (2022). Effects of low-intensity fire on soil organic carbon stocks and physicochemical properties in the Mediterranean ecosystem. Eurasian Journal of Soil

Rahi, H., K. Aisa and M. A. Jamal, (1987). Status of potassium in some soil of Erbil. J. of related to wheat demand commune. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 29: (5and6) 635-641.

Rupa, T. R., S. Srivastava, A. Swarup, D. Sahoo and B. R. Tembhare, (2003). The availability of potassium in Aeric Haplaquept and Typic Haplustert as affected by long-term cropping, fertilization and manuring. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 65: 1-11.

Salim, Shafiek Ch and Ali. Noorudeen Shawqi., (2017). Guide for Chemical Analyses of Soil, Water, Plant, and Fertilizers. Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. University of Baghdad. College of Agriculture.

Samadi, A., (2012). Impact of Continuous Sugar Beet Cropping on Potassium Quantity-intensity Parameters in Calcareous Soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 35:1154–1167.

Sarikaya, Y., M. Onal, , B. Baran, , and T. Alemdaroğlu, (2000). The effect of thermal treatment on some of the physicochemical properties of a bentonite. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48, 557–562.

Soil Science Division Staff (2017). Soil Survey Manual, United States Department of Agriculture Handbook No. 18. USDA .Sparks, D. L. and W. C. Liebhardt, (1981). Effect of long-term lime and potassium application on quantity-intensity (Q/I) relationship in sandy soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 45: 768- 790.

Sparks, D.L. , (2017) . Methods of soil analysis . soil science society of america . 5585 Guilfords Rd., Madison , WI 537 Vol . 2.

Sposito, G., (2018) The Chemistry of soils. Oxford University Press, New York.

Stephens, S. L., N. Burrows, A. Buyantuyev, R. W. Gray, R. E. Keane, R. Kubian, K. G. Tolhurst, (2014). Temperate and boreal forest mega-fires: characteristics and challenges. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 12, 115–122.

Stoof, C. R., J. G. Wesseling, and C. J. Ritsema, (2010). Effects of fire and ash on soil water retention. Geoderma, 159, 276–285.

Taalab, A.S., G.W. Ageeb, Hanan S. Siam and Safaa AMahmoud.( 2019) Some Characteristics of Calcareous soils. A review Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research ISSN 2077-4605 (08) ( 01)|:96-105

Thomaz, E. L., V. Antoneli, and S. H. Doerr, (2014). Effects of fire on the physicochemical properties of soil in a slash-and- burn agriculture. Catena, 122, 209–215.

Ulery, A. L., R. C.Graham, B. R. Goforth, and K. R. Hubbert, (2017). Fire effects on cation exchange capacity of California forest and woodland soils. Geoderma, 286, 125–130.

Ulery, A., R. Graham, and L. Bowen, (1996). Forest fire effects on soil phyllosilicates in California. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 60, 309–315.

Wang J. J., L. H. Dustin and F.B. Paul, (2004). Potassium buffering characteristics of three Soils low in exchangeable potassium. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 68, 654-661 .

Woodruff, C.M., (1955). Energies of replacement of calcium by potassium in soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 19, 167–171.

Wakeel, A. Ishfaq, M. (2022). Potash Use and Dynamics in Agriculture, Springer, p.

Zhang, H., Li, Q., Zhang, X., Chen, W., Ni, J., Yang, L., & Wei, R. (2020). Insight into the mechanism of low molecular weight organic acidsmediated release of phosphorus and potassium from biochars. Science of The Total Environment, 742, 140-416.

Zhao, Y., Xu, R., Xu, Z., Wang, L., & Wang, P. (2022). Temporal and Spatial Patterns of Biomass Burning Fire Counts and Carbon Emissions in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei (BTH) Region during 2003– 2020 Based on GFED4. Atmosphere, 13(3), 459.

Zhu, Q., Li, Y., Liu, G., and Ozores-Hampton, M.(2021). Determination of Carbonate Concentration of Calcareous Soils with Common Vinegar Test . Edis 2021..